Multiple Devices

Overview

The Fireblocks Non-Custodial Wallet (NCW) solution allows multiple devices to perform actions using the same wallet, such as signing transactions and running takeovers. This lets you support a multi-device, multi-platform seamless digital experience and enables an end user to use their account on any of their devices.

Definitions

Let us define the following two types of devices for a multiple-device wallet:

  • Requesting device: A new device that wants to join the wallet.
  • Approving device: The device in the wallet that can already run operations, like signing transactions; for example, the device you generated key shares with.

Supported functions

Two functions in the NCW SDK interface support multiple devices:

  • requestJoinExistingWallet: A function in the requesting device that receives a handler that emits events according to the progression of the process. Specifically, the function emits requestId, the UUID used to approve the request.
  • approveJoinWalletRequest: A function in the approving device that receives a requestId and will allow the processing of the approval to start.

Both functions use RPC calls to communicate with Fireblocks. Therefore, make sure that you associate the device with the walletId when delegating the requests from the client through your customer proxy backend implementation. Specifically, you will call invokeWalletRpc, so make sure you associate the correct walletId with the newly generated deviceId.


Implementing multiple devices

Requesting to join a wallet

First, using your authentication solution, verify that the end user's requesting device is trying to join a wallet that has already generated key shares and that that device is currently associated with such a wallet.

πŸ“˜

Note

You can check on the device's key status via the NCW SDK by calling getKeysStatus() to verify that the keys are in the READY status.

Next, initialize the Fireblocks SDK through the requesting device with a new deviceId. Make sure you know which wallet you want to associate this device with according to the authentication your end user went through.

Then, use the requesting device to call the requestJoinExistingWallet function with a handler. This handler emits events that notify your application of the progress of the requestJoinExistingWallet procedure.

await fireblocksNCW.requestJoinExistingWallet({
  onRequestId(requestId) {
    // your code here
    set((state) => ({ ...state, addDeviceRequestId: requestId }));
  },
  onProvisionerFound() { // -> optional
    // your code here
  },
});
val joinWalletHandler: FireblocksJoinWalletHandler = object : FireblocksJoinWalletHandler {
    override fun onRequestId(requestId: String) {
        // use this requestId to approve the request from the source device, e.g. using a QR code or a push notification
        // the requestId will be used in approveJoinWalletRequest method
    }

    override fun onProvisionerFound() {
        // use this indication the provisioner device was found and the join process continues, e.g. show a spinner/progress bar
    }
}

Fireblocks.getInstance(deviceId).requestJoinExistingWallet(joinWalletHandler) { result ->
    Timber.i("joinExistingWallet result: $result")
}

After you call the requestJoinExistingWallet function, it yields a requestId in three ways:

  1. Via the optional events handler submitted with the NCW SDK's initialization.
  2. Via the handler associated with the function itself.
  3. Via a webhook that pushes a message directly to your application's backend. For example:
{
	 type: "NCW_ADD_DEVICE_SETUP_REQUESTED",
	 tenantId: string,
	 timestamp: number,
	 data: {
	     walletId: string,
	     deviceId: string,
	     requestId: string,
	 },
};

Approving a new device

The approving device calls the approveJoinWalletRequest function with the corresponding requestId to approve or reject the new device.

const result = await fireblocksNCW.approveJoinWalletRequest(requestId);
console.log("approveJoinWallet result:", result);
Fireblocks.getInstance(deviceId).approveJoinWalletRequest(requestId) { result ->
    Timber.i("approveJoinWallet result: $result")
}

When a new device is approved, the process of adding the requesting device will start and will take a few seconds. Eventually, the requesting device will be part of the wallet and be able to run all MPC-related actions


Multiple device scenarios

In a multi-device scenario, all devices see the same balance, can initiate and sign transactions, approve adding a new device to the wallet, or perform any other action, such as takeover.

When performing a transaction, once a device is approved and your wallet has multiple devices, you can create a transaction from one device and sign that transaction from any other device associated with the wallet.

However, remember that only one device in a wallet can sign a specific transaction. If multiple devices "race" to sign the same transaction, only one device will succeed, and the other devices' sign transaction command will eventually time out.


Multiple device events

The approveJoinWalletRequest and requestJoinExistingWallet functions can yield the following events emitted by the events handler.

Approving device

  • PROVISION_INITIATED
  • PROVISION_ADD_DEVICE_SETUP_REQUESTED
  • PROVISION_KEYS_SETUP_STARTED
  • PROVISION_SETUP_STARTED
  • PROVISION_SETUP_COMPLETED
  • STOPPED
  • TIMEOUT

Requesting device

  • JOIN_INITIATED
  • ADD_DEVICE_SETUP_REQUESTED
  • PROVISIONER_FOUND
  • STOPPED
  • TIMEOUT

Troubleshooting

Request timeout

There is a three-minute timeout before the Fireblocks and NCW SDKs terminate the requestJoinExistingWallet and approveJoinWalletRequest functions. This means that you should guide the user to open the existing device to approve the action before he initiates this flow. However, you can call the stopJoinWallet function if you want or need to implement a different timeout configuration or simply kill the process. Then, you can retry the process by calling the appropriate function again.

Procedure didn't work

If a procedure with a deviceId did not work as expected, try to join the wallet with a new deviceId. There is no limit to the number of new devices an approving device can approve.


Multiple devices FAQ

What type of devices are supported?

The end user can add any combination of devices supported by our SDKs.

How many devices can an end user add to a single wallet?

An end user can add up to 10 devices to a single wallet.

How do I implement multiple devices for my app?

You can achieve this in many different ways depending on your implementation, but below you can view an example flow of a requesting device and an example flow of an approving device.

Requesting device example

The end user enters the app on a new device after passing the authorization stage. The app recognizes the user has a wallet with keys on another device and that the current device doesn't contain any keys. The app then presents the user with the following options:

  1. Add a new device, if the user has another device they can use to onboard the new device.
  2. Recover a device, if the user does not have another device.
  3. Skip, which continues to the app without creating a wallet.

Approving device example

Depending on the guidance the user receives from the requesting device, they should typically open an approving device's Settings page and initiate the Add New Device flow.

Is adding a device always tied to the device onboarding flow?

No. Adding a device can also be initiated anywhere within the app based on the app's objectives. For example, the Add New Device flow can be triggered when the user enters a specific part of the app; when they perform a specific action within the app; or initiated directly from the app's Settings page.